(a) Behavior Support Process – a student support process for identifying and
addressing the behavioral needs through providing integrated resources that promote
(b) Disciplinary Order – any public or private school or school system order that
imposes short-term suspension, long-term suspension, or expulsion upon a student in
such school or system.
(c) Discipline Policies- outlines consequences and punishments that will occur in
the response to specify unacceptable behaviors.
(d) Progressive Discipline – the levels of consequences assigned to students who
violate codes of conduct based on severity of misbehavior, students discipline history,
and other relevant factors.
(a) Each local board of education shall adopt policies designed to improve the
student learning environment by improving student behavior and discipline. These
policies shall provide for the development of age appropriate student codes of
conduct that contain the following, at a minimum:
1. Standards for student behavior during school hours, at school-related functions,
on school buses, and at school bus stops designed to create the expectation that
students will behave themselves in such a way so as to facilitate a learning
environment for themselves and other students, respect each other and school district
employees, obey student behavior policies adopted by the local board of education,
and obey student behavior rules established by individual schools;
2. Verbal assault, including threatening violence, of teachers, administrators, and
other school personnel;
3. Physical assault or battery of teachers, administrators or other school personnel;
4. Disrespectful conduct toward teachers, administrators, other school personnel,
persons attending school related functions or other students, including use of vulgar
or profane language;
5. Verbal assault of other students, including threatening violence or sexual
harassment as defined pursuant to Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972;
6. Sexual harassment as defined pursuant to Title IX of the Education Amendments
of 1972 or physical assault or battery of other students.
7. Guidelines and consequences resulting from failure to comply with compulsory
attendance as required under O.C.G.A § 20-2-690.1;
8. Willful or malicious damage to real or personal property of the school or to
personal property of any person legitimately at the school;
9. Inciting, advising, or counseling of others to engage in prohibited acts;
10. Marking, defacing or destroying school property or the property of another
11. Possession of a weapon, as provided for in O.C.G.A. § 16-11-127.1;
12. Unlawful use or possession of illegal drugs or alcohol;
13. Willful and persistent violation of student codes of conduct;
14. Bullying as defined in O.C.G.A. § 20-2-751.4;
15. Any off-campus behavior of a student which could result in the student being
criminally charged with a felony and which makes the student’s continued presence at
school a potential danger to persons or property at the school or which disrupts the
16. Each local board of education shall adopt policies, applicable to students in
grades 6 through 12 that prohibit bullying of a student by another student and shall
require such prohibition to be included in the student code of conduct in that school
system. Local board policies shall require that, upon a finding that a student in grades
6 through 12 has committed the offense of bullying for the third time in a school year,
such student shall be assigned to an alternative school.
17. Behavior support processes designed to consider, as appropriate in light of the
severity of the behavioral problem, support services that may be available through the
school, school system, other public entities, or community organizations that may
help the student address behavioral problems; This rule neither mandates nor
prohibits the use of student support teams as part of the student support process;
18. Progressive discipline processes designed to create the expectation that the
degree of discipline will be in proportion to the severity of the behavior, that the
previous discipline history of the student and other relevant factors will be taken into account; and that all due process procedures required by federal and state law will be followed;
19. Parental involvement processes designed to create the expectation that parents,
guardians, teachers and school administrators will work together to improve and
enhance student behavior and academic performance and will communicate freely
their concerns about, and actions in response to, student behavior that detracts from
the learning environment. Local boards of education shall provide opportunities for
parental involvement in developing and updating student codes of conduct.
20. A statement that major offenses including, but not limited to, drug and weapon
offenses can lead to schools being named as an Unsafe School according to the
provisions of State Board of Education Rule 160-4-8-.16 Unsafe School Choice
(b) Local boards of education shall provide for the distribution of student codes of
conduct to each student upon enrollment and to the parents and guardians of each
student and may solicit the signatures of students and parents or guardians in
acknowledgment of the receipt of such student codes of conduct.
(c) Student codes of conduct shall be available in each school and classroom.
(d) Local boards of education shall provide for disciplinary actions against students
who violate student codes of conduct;
(e) Local board policies relating to student codes of conduct shall provide that each
local superintendent shall fully support the authority of principals and teachers in the
school system to remove a student from the classroom pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 20-2-
738, including establishing and disseminating procedures.
(f) It is the preferred policy of the board that disruptive students are placed in
alternative education settings in lieu of being suspended or expelled.
(g) Local board policies shall require the filing of a report by a teacher
documenting a student’s violation of the student code of conduct which repeatedly or
substantially interferes with the teacher’s ability to communicate effectively with the
students in his or her class or with the ability of such student’s classmates to learn
within one school day of the most recent occurrence of such behavior. The report
shall be filed with the principal or principal’s designee, shall not exceed one page,
and shall describe the behavior. The principal or principal’s designee shall, within
one day of receiving such report, send to the student’s parents or guardians a copy of
the report, and information regarding how the principal or principal’s designee may
(h) The principal or the principal’s designee shall send written notification to the
teacher and to the student’s parents or guardians of the student support services being
utilized or the disciplinary action taken within one school day and shall make a
reasonable attempt to confirm receipt of such written notification by the student’s
parents or guardians. Written notification shall include information regarding how
student’s parents or guardians may contact the principal or principal’s designee.
(i) Each local board of education shall observe Georgia law in developing and
implementing disciplinary hearings held by a disciplinary hearing officer, disciplinary
panel, or disciplinary tribunal pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 20-2-751 through § 20-2-758
including the ability to honor disciplinary orders of private schools and other public
schools/school systems pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 20-2-751.2.
1. Disciplinary hearings shall be held no later than ten school days after the
beginning of the student’s suspension unless the school system and parents or
guardians mutually agree to an extension.
2. Any teacher who is called as a witness by the school system shall be given
notice no later than three days prior to the hearing.