(1) Accommodation – Changes in instruction that enable children to demonstrate their abilities in the classroom or assessment/test setting. Accommodations are designed to provide equity, not advantage, for children with disabilities. Accommodations include assistive technology as well as alterations to presentation, response, scheduling, or settings. When used appropriately, they reduce or even eliminate the effects of a child’s disability; but do not reduce or lower the standards or expectations for content. Accommodations, that are appropriate for assessments do not invalidate assessment results.
(2) Adult student - A student with a disability, age 18 or older, to whom rights have transferred under the IDEA 2004 and Georgia Rule.
(3) Age of majority - The age at which, by law, a child assumes the responsibilities of an adult. In Georgia, the age of majority is 18.
(4) Alternate assessment - An assessment aligned with alternate achievement standards for children with the most significant cognitive disabilities designed by the State and required in lieu of regular Statewide assessments, when determined necessary by the child’s IEP team.
(5) Assistive technology device - Assistive technology device means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of that device. [34 C.F.R. § 300.5]
(6) Assistive technology service - Assistive technology service means any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device. The term includes:
(a) The evaluation of the needs of a child with a disability, including a functional evaluation of the child in the child's customary environment;
(b) Purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices by children with disabilities;
(c) Selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices;
(d) Coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs;
(e) Training or technical assistance for a child with a disability or, if appropriate, that child's family; and
(f) Training or technical assistance for professionals (including individuals providing education or rehabilitation services), employers, or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of that child. [34 C.F.R. § 300.6]
(7) Behavioral intervention plan (BIP) - A plan for a child with disabilities, included in the IEP when appropriate, which uses positive behavior interventions, supports and other strategies to address challenging behaviors and enables the child to learn socially appropriate and responsible behavior in school and/or educational settings.
(8) Braille - A tactile system of reading and writing, used by children who have blindness or visual impairments, with an official code composed of Braille characters or cells that consist of various patterns of raised dots that correspond to alphabetic letters, punctuation marks and other symbols.
(9) Charter school - Has the meaning given the term in section 5210(1) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended, 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq. (ESEA). [34 C.F.R. § 300.7]
(10) Child with a disability – In general,
(a) Refers to a child evaluated as having mental retardation, a hearing impairment (including deafness), a speech or language impairment, a visual impairment (including blindness), a serious emotional disturbance (referred to in this part as emotional disturbance), an orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, an other health impairment, a specific learning disability, or deaf-blindness and who needs special education and related services. If it is determined, through an appropriate evaluation, that a child has one of the above disabilities identified but only needs a related service and not special education, the child is not a child with a disability. If the related service required by the child is considered special education rather than a related service, the child would be determined to be a child with a disability. [34 C.F.R. § 300.8(a)(1) – (2)]
(b) A child with a disability aged three through nine (or any subset of that age range, including ages three through five) experiencing developmental delays, may include a child -
1. Who is experiencing developmental delays, as defined by the State and as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development; and
2. Who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related service. [34 C.F.R. § 300.8(b)(1) – (2)]
(11) Consent means that –
(a) The parent has been fully informed of all information relevant to the activity for which consent is sought, in his or her native language, or other mode of communication;
(b) The parent understands and agrees in writing to the carrying out of the activity for which his or her consent is sought, and the consent describes that activity and lists the records (if any) that will be released and to whom; and
(c) The parent understands that the granting of consent is voluntary on the part of the parent and may be revoked at anytime. If a parent revokes consent, that revocation is not retroactive (i.e., it does not negate an action that has occurred after the consent was given and before the consent was revoked). [34 C.F.R. § 300.9]
(12) Core academic subjects - Refers to English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography. [34 C.F.R. § 300.10]
(13) Day; business day; school day -
(a) Day is calendar day unless otherwise indicated as business day or school day.
(b) Business day refers to Monday through Friday, except for Federal and State holidays (unless holidays are specifically included in the designation of business day).
(c) School day equates to any day, including a partial day that children are in attendance at school for instructional purposes. School day has the same meaning for all children in school, including children with and without disabilities. [34 C.F.R. § 300.11]
(14) Elementary school - A nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school, which provides elementary education and contains any grade below four and does not contain any grade above grade eight. O.C.G.A. § 20-2-291(c) [34 C.F.R. § 300.13]
(15) Eligibility Team - A group of qualified professionals and the parent of the child, which determines whether the child is a child with a disability and determines the educational needs of the child. [34 C.F.R. § 300.306(a)(1)]
(16) Evaluation - Procedures used to determine whether a child has a disability and the nature and extent of the special education and related services that the child needs. [34 C.F.R. § 300.15]
(17) Evaluation report - A summary of evaluation results obtained in the process of collecting information to determine if a child is a child with a disability and the educational needs of the child. The evaluation reports will vary from child to child,
depending on the types of evaluations completed. An eligibility report or written statement of reevaluation considerations may serve as an evaluation report.
(18) Excess costs - Those costs that are in excess of the average annual per-child expenditure in a LEA during the preceding school year for an elementary school or secondary school child, as may be appropriate, and that must be computed after deducting amounts received under Part B of IDEA, Part A of Title I of the ESEA and Parts A and B of Title III of the ESEA. Any state or local funds expended for programs that would qualify for assistance under any of the parts described in this section, but excluding any amounts for capital outlay or debt service. [34 C.F.R. § 300.16]
(19) Free appropriate public education (FAPE) - Special education and related services that –
(a) Are provided at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without charge;
(b) Meet the standards of the State, including the requirements of this part;
(c) Include an appropriate preschool, elementary school, or secondary school education in the State involved; and
(d) Are provided in conformity with an individualized education program (IEP) that meets the requirements IDEA 2004. [34 C.F.R. § 300.17]
(20) Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) - A systematic process for defining a child’s specific behavior and determining the reason why (function or purpose) the behavior is occurring. The FBA process includes examination of the contextual variables (antecedents and consequences) of the behavior, environmental components, and other information related to the behavior. The purpose of conducting an FBA is to determine whether a Behavioral Intervention Plan should be developed.
(21) Homeless Children - Has the meaning given the term homeless children and youths in section 725 (42 U.S.C. 11434a) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq. [34 C.F.R. § 300.19]
(22) Include - The items named are not all of the possible items that are covered, whether like or unlike the ones named. [34 C.F.R. § 300.20]
(23) Individualized education program (IEP) - A written statement for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with IDEA 2004. [34 C.F.R. § 300.22]
(24) Individualized education program team (IEP Team) - A group of individuals defined in Rule 160-4-7-.06 Individualized Education Program that is responsible for developing, reviewing, or revising an IEP for a child with a disability. [34 C.F.R. § 300.23]
(25) Individualized family service plan (IFSP) - A written plan for services to an infant or toddler in the Part C Babies Can’t Wait early intervention program that may be used in the Part B preschool program until an IEP is written, if the IFSP meets all the requirements of the IEP. [34 C.F.R. § 300.24]
(26) Infant or toddler with a disability - (a) An individual under three years of age who needs early intervention services because the individual -
1. Is experiencing developmental delays, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures in one or more of the areas of cognitive development, physical development, communication development, social or emotional development, and adaptive development; or
2. Has a diagnosed physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in a developmental delay. [34 C.F.R. § 300.25]
(27) Limited English proficient - Has the meaning given the term in section 9101(25) of the ESEA. [34 C.F.R. § 300.27]
(28) Local educational agency (LEA) – A public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within Georgia for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of the State, or for a combination of school districts or counties as are recognized in the State as an administrative agency for its public elementary schools or secondary schools. The term includes an educational service agency and any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary or secondary school, including a public nonprofit charter school that is established as a LEA under State law. [34 C.F.R. § 300.28]
(29) Modifications - Alterations that change, lower, or reduce learning expectations. Modifications can increase the gap between the achievement of students with disabilities and expectations for proficiency at a particular grade level. Consistent use of modifications could adversely affect students throughout their educational career. Modifications in Statewide assessments may invalidate the results.
(30) Native language - (a) When used with respect to an individual who is limited English proficient, means the following:
1. The language normally used by that individual, or, in the case of a child, the language normally used by the parents of the child, except as provided in (a) 2.
2. In all direct contact with a child (including evaluation of the child), the language normally used by the child in the home or learning environment.
(b) For an individual with deafness or blindness, or for an individual with no written language, the mode of communication is that normally used by the individual (such as sign language, Braille, or oral communication). [34 C.F.R. § 300.29]
(31) Parent - (a) Refers to-
1. A biological or adoptive parent of a child;
2. A foster parent;
3. A guardian generally authorized to act as the child’s parent, or authorized to make educational decisions for the child (but not the State if the child is a ward of the State);
4. An individual acting in the place of a biological or adoptive parent (including a grandparent, stepparent, or other relative) with whom the child lives, or an individual who is legally responsible for the child’s welfare; or
5. A surrogate parent who has been appointed.
(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) below, the biological or adoptive parent must be presumed to be the parent unless the biological or adoptive parent does not have legal authority to make educational decisions for the child.
(c) If a judicial decree or order identifies a specific person or persons under paragraphs (a)(1) through (4) to act as the "parent" of a child or to make educational decisions on behalf of a child, then such person or persons shall be determined to be the "parent."
(32) Parent training and information center - A center assisted under sections 671 or 672 of IDEA. [34 C.F.R. § 300.31]
(33) Part B - Section of IDEA 2004 that relates to the assistance to states for the education of children with disabilities who are ages 3 through 21. Part B is administered by the Georgia Department of Education and carried out by LEAs and other public agencies.
(34) Part C - Section of IDEA 2004 that relates to the assistance to states for the education of children with disabilities and the early intervention programs for infants and toddlers, ages birth through 2, with disabilities. In Georgia, Part C is administered by the Department of Human Resources, Division of Public Health as the Babies Can’t Wait program.
(35) Personally identifiable - Information that contains-
(a) The name of the child, the child's parent, or other family member;
(b) The address of the child;
(c) A personal identifier, such as the child's social security number or student number; or
(d) A list of personal characteristics or other information that would make it possible to identify the child with reasonable certainty. [34 C.F.R. § 300.32]
(36) Related services -
(a) General. Related services means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training.
(b) Exception; services that apply to children with surgically implanted devices, including cochlear implants.
1. Related services do not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, the optimization of that device’s functioning (e.g., mapping), maintenance of that device, or the replacement of that device.
2. Nothing in paragraph ((b)(1)) -
(i) Limits the right of a child with a surgically implanted device (e.g., cochlear implant) to receive related services (as listed in paragraph (a) of this section) that are determined by the IEP Team to be necessary for the child to receive FAPE;
(ii) Limits the responsibility of a public agency to appropriately monitor and maintain medical devices that are needed to maintain the health and safety of the child, including breathing, nutrition, or operation of other bodily functions, while the child is transported to and from school or is at school; or
(iii) Prevents the routine checking of an external component of a surgically-implanted device to make sure it is functioning properly, as required.
(c) Individual related services terms defined. The terms used in this definition are defined as follows:
1. Audiology includes -
(i) Identification of children with hearing loss;
(ii) Determination of the range, nature, and degree of hearing loss, including referral for medical or other professional attention for the habilitation of hearing;
(iii) Provision of habilitative activities, such as language habilitation, auditory training, speech reading (lip-reading), hearing evaluation, and speech conservation;
(iv) Creation and administration of programs for prevention of hearing loss;
(v) Counseling and guidance of children, parents, and teachers regarding hearing loss; and
(vi) Determination of children's needs for group and individual amplification, selecting and fitting an appropriate aid, and evaluating the effe