160-7-1-.01 SINGLE STATEWIDE ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM.
(a) Accountability Profile - a publicly published report that provides a summary of
a school’s and local educational agency’s (LEA’s) performance.
(b) Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) - a federally mandated component of the
Accountability Profile based on a series of performance goals and second indicators
that every school, LEA, and state must achieve within specified timeframes.
(c) AYP Workbook - the document that is officially known as the Consolidated
State Application Accountability Workbook. Each state annually submits to the
United States Department of Education (US ED) its workbook describing how AYP
determinations will be calculated and how the state will comply with ESEA as
(d) Comprehensive LEA Improvement Plan (CLIP) - a document developed by
an LEA, and approved by the Georgia Department of Education, to serve as a
blueprint for guiding the LEA’s continuous improvement and progress toward
identified LEA, school, and student achievement objectives and targets.
(e) Elementary and Secondary Education Act as amended (ESEA as amended)
- the federal education statute, originally passed by the U. S. Congress in 1965, that
defines the role of the federal government in public education and authorizes many of
the major federal education programs, including Title I. This Act was reauthorized
by Congress in 2001 as the No Child Left Behind Act.
(f) Georgia Department of Education (GaDOE) - the state agency charged with
the fiscal and administrative management of certain aspects of K-12 public education,
including the implementation of federal and state mandates. Such management is
subject to supervision and oversight by the State Board of Education.
(g) Local Educational Agency (LEA) - local school system pursuant to local board
of education control and management.
(h) LEA Corrective Action Addendum - an addendum of a Comprehensive LEA
Improvement Plan (CLIP) required of all LEAs that reach Needs Improvement Year
(i) Needs Improvement - the identification for a school or LEA that has not made
AYP for two or more consecutive years in the same subject or second indicator for
schools and in the same subject or second indicator for elementary, middle and high
school grade spans for LEAs.
(j)Office of Student Achievement (OSA) - the Georgia state agency mandated by
state law to create a uniform performance-based accountability system for K-12
public schools that incorporates both state and federal mandates, including student
and school performance standards.
(k) Performance Highlights - the component of the Accountability Profile that
utilizes data from the State Report Card to recognize each school and LEA for top
indicators based on key variables related to student achievement.
(l) Performance Index - the measure of a school’s or LEA’s current year academic
achievement or its gain over the previous year’s performance.
(m) School Improvement Fieldbook - a guide, published by the GaDOE, to assist
with school improvement planning and implementation of focused, research-based
strategies to increase the opportunity for schools to make AYP.
(n) Scientifically-based research - research that involves the application of
rigorous, systematic, and objective procedures to obtain reliable and valid knowledge
relevant to education activities and programs. Such research must (1) employ
systematic, empirical methods that draw on observations or experiments; (2) involve
rigorous data analysis to support hypothesis testing and to justify conclusions drawn;
(3) rely on reliable and valid measurement or observation methods; (4) be evaluated
using experimental and quasi-experimental designs; (5) ensure completeness, clarity,
and level of detail to allow for replication and generalization; and (6) have been
accepted by a peer-reviewed journal or approved by an independent panel of experts
through a comparable rigorous, objective, and scientific review.
(o) Single Statewide Accountability System (SSAS) - the statewide accountability
system adopted by the State Board of Education that includes indicators reflecting
both absolute and relative progress determinations. The SSAS merges both federal
and state education laws that relate to K-12 school accountability for student
(p) State Board of Education (SBOE) - the constitutional authority which defines
education policy for the public K-12 education agencies in Georgia.
(q) State Report Card - the official report card for Georgia’s K-12 public schools
that includes an annual report prepared by GaDOE and published by OSA for each
school, system, and the state, which is published for use by education stakeholders.
(2) IDENTIFICATION OF THE SINGLE STATEWIDE
(a) The Single Statewide Accountability System shall include an annual
Accountability Profile for each Local Educational Agency (LEA) and public school
in the state. The Accountability Profile shall include multiple components, which
may include, but not be limited to, Adequate Yearly Progress, Performance Index,
and Performance Highlights. The components of the Accountability Profile will be
included in the State Report Card prepared by GaDOE and published annually by the
Office of Student Achievement (OSA).
(b) The Single Statewide Accountability System will include, but is not limited to,
valid and reliable accountability determinations at the school, LEA, and state levels to
promote continuous improvement for raising student achievement and closing
(3) CALCULATING ADEQUATE YEARLY PROGRESS (AYP).
(a) The State Board of Education (SBOE) and GaDOE, in consultation with OSA
and other stakeholders, shall annually develop the Consolidated State Application
Accountability Workbook (AYP Workbook). The SBOE shall annually review any
proposed revisions to the AYP Workbook prior to submission to the United States
Department of Education (US ED). The SBOE shall adopt the AYP Workbook once
approved by the US ED.
(b) The AYP Workbook shall contain Georgia’s plan for determining AYP for the
given school year, including the specific methodology that will be used to ensure the
most valid and reliable AYP determinations are made, in a manner consistent with
state and federal law. AYP determinations shall be based on state assessments that
have been developed consistent with nationally recognized professional and technical
standards and are supported by evidence regarding validity and reliability.
(c) The AYP determination process shall provide the opportunity for the LEA to
verify the data used to determine AYP and for the LEA to appeal preliminary AYP
determinations that are in error for statistical or other substantive reasons.
(4) REQUIREMENTS FOR PUBLIC NOTIFICATION OF A SCHOOL’S
(a) An LEA must promptly notify parents of each student enrolled in each school
regarding the school’s AYP determination. The notice must be in an understandable
and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, in a language that parents
understand. Additionally, it must honor the privacy of all students and their families.
The notice must include:
1. An explanation of each school’s status under this rule and the school’s
performance relative to other schools in the LEA and the state.
2. Reasons the school(s) are identified as a Needs Improvement (NI) school(s).
3. An explanation of the actions taken by the school to improve student
achievement at the school.
4. An explanation of what the LEA and the GaDOE are doing at the schools to
improve student achievement.
5. An explanation regarding the means for parent involvement in issues which
contributed to the failure to make AYP.
(5) ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM AWARDS AND CONSEQUENCES.
(a) Awards. A school shall be eligible for annual awards based on the
(b) Consequences. In accordance with state and federal law, each school in Needs
Improvement (NI) shall be subject to interventions and consequences designed to
help improve student achievement based on the most recent AYP determinations.
Needs Improvement (NI) schools must implement the consequences in accordance
with its Needs Improvement (NI) status.
1. Identification. A school shall be identified as Needs Improvement (NI) if the
school has not made AYP in the same subject for two consecutive years or fails to
meet its second indicator for two consecutive years.
2. Escalation in status. Escalation in the level of Needs Improvement (NI) status
shall be based on a school’s failure to make AYP in the same subject, or fails to make
its second indicator, for two or more consecutive years.
3. Removal from Needs Improvement (NI) Status. A school shall be removed from
Needs Improvement if the school has made AYP for two consecutive years.
4. Technical Assistance. Each LEA shall provide technical assistance to its schools
in Needs Improvement (NI).
(6) SCHOOL-LEVEL NEEDS IMPROVEMENT CONSEQUENCES.
(a) Schools designated as in Needs Improvement (NI) status shall be subject to
consequences identified in GaDOE’s School Improvement Fieldbook. Consequences
1. Fully implementing the Georgia Performance Standards and provide appropriate
professional learning opportunities that are grounded in scientifically-based or
evidence-based research and offer substantial promise of improving educational
achievement for low-achieving students,
2. Offering public school choice,
3. Offering supplemental education services (tutoring) to eligible students,
4. Developing a data-driven school improvement plan with measurable goals that
meets the requirements of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act as amended
(ESEA as amended) in consultation with parents, school staff, and outside experts for
approval by the LEA,
5. Replacing school staff who are relevant to the school not making AYP,
6. Intensive school-level support and guidance from GaDOE,
7. Appointing an outside expert to advise the school on its progress toward meeting
required achievement targets,
8. Extending the school year and/or school day for the school,
9. Restructuring the internal organizational arrangement of the school,
10. Reopening the school as a public charter school,
11. Executing a state-directed contract with the SBOE that contains specific nonnegotiables,
as well as specific improvement strategies based on the most current
AYP data for the school.
12. Any additional corrective actions approved by the GaDOE.
(7) LEA-LEVEL ADEQUATE YEARLY PROGRESS DETERMINATIONS
(a) Identification. The LEA shall be identified as Needs Improvement (NI) if the
LEA has not made AYP in the same subject or fails to meet its second indicator for
two consecutive years at the elementary, middle, and the high school levels.
(b) Removal. The LEA shall be removed from Needs Improvement (NI) if the LEA
has made AYP for two consecutive years.
(c) Consequences. The LEA identified as Needs Improvement (NI) shall be subject
to the consequences identified in GaDOE’s System Improvement Fieldbook. Those
consequences may include:
1. Development of a Comprehensive LEA Improvement Plan (CLIP) approved by
GaDOE. The CLIP shall comply with content and procedures developed and
disseminated by the GaDOE. The LEA shall implement the plan expeditiously, but
not later than the beginning of the next school year after the school year in which the
LEA was identified as Needs Improvement (NI).
2. Development of the LEA Corrective Action Addendum to the CLIP to be
approved by GaDOE. The LEA Corrective Action Addendum shall comply with
content, format, and procedures developed and disseminated by the GaDOE. The
LEA shall implement the Corrective Action Addendum no later than the beginning of
the school year following the school year in which the LEA was identified for
corrective action. The LEA Corrective Action Addendum shall include at least one
corrective action as defined in federal law, which may include major restructuring of
the system’s governance arrangement that makes fundamental reforms, consistent
with the corrective action options, and has substantial promise of enabling the LEA to
(8) REQUIREMENTS FOR STATE INTERVENTIONS AND SUPPORT.
(a) The GaDOE shall provide, in accordance with the ESEA as amended, a system
of intensive and sustained support and improvement for LEAs and schools identified
as Needs Improvement.
(9) RECORD RETENTION REQUIREMENTS AND AUDITS BY OSA.
(a) Record Retention Requirements. LEAs and schools shall abide by all applicable
record retention schedules required by federal and state laws, regulations, and rules.
(b) Right to Audit. The Office of Student Achievement (OSA) may investigate
evidence of school or LEA noncompliance with the requirements of this rule at any
time. Such investigation may include review of the school or LEA’s academic
records or performing an on-site audit of any school or LEA at any time. The on-site
OSA Audit may include, but is not limited to, a review of the school or LEA’s
records or procedures, including a review of school or LEA performance and
accounting information and records. Auditors may gather school performance
information from school administrators, teachers, and parents of students enrolled in
(c) Upon conclusion of its investigation, OSA, where applicable, will prepare a
draft audit report detailing the findings of its investigation. OSA will provide the
affected LEA or school with a copy of the draft report and allow the school or LEA
with thirty days to review and comment on the findings contained in the draft report.
The affected school or LEA must submit its comments on the findings contained in
the draft report to the attention of OSA’s Executive Director. OSA may include, but is
not required to include, the comments provided by the affected school or LEA in its
final report. OSA will transmit its final report to the GaDOE for submission to the
(d) When applicable, OSA’s final report may include a recommendation to the
SBOE as to how to address the school or LEA’s noncompliance with this rule. OSA
may recommend sanctions including, but not limited to, withholding of federal and/or
state funds pursuant to the procedures provided in State Board of Education Rule
Authority O.C.G.A. § 20-14-26; 20-14-37; 20-14-38; 20-14-41.
Adopted: July 21, 2011 Effective: August 11, 2011